Newt Gingrich was born on June 17, 1943, in Harrisburg, Pennyslvania, but later moved to Columbus, Georgia. In 1978 he was elected to Congress and was re-elected 10 times. During his tenure as Speaker of the House he championed the "Contract with America," which detailed Republican efforts to shrink government, promote lower taxes and reform welfare systems. After an ethics scandal, he resigned his seat in Congress in 1999. He is a married father of two adult daughters.