In 2005, Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and the government of Sudan signed a peace agreement, which many in the international community hoped would bring an end to fighting. The deal “called for wealth-sharing, power-sharing, and security arrangements between the two parties” in addition to “a ceasefire, withdrawal of troops from southern Sudan, and the repatriation and resettlement of refugees,” according to the State Department. However, since not all rebel groups agreed to sign the deal, conflict in the region intensified in 2006. And after years of broken agreements, conflict in the Darfur region still exists.
(Photo: Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir , AP Photo/Liu Jin, Pool)