ANC at 100: A Timeline of the Struggle

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1961 – A Non-Violent Group Gets Militant

The ANC's guerrilla wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (or Spear of the Nation) was founded. After its first attacks on government installations on Dec. 16, 1961, the group was classified as a terrorist organization by the governments of South Africa and the United States.

(Photo: Courtesy of University of Minnesota)

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