ANC at 100: A Timeline of the Struggle

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1960 – Sharpeville Massacre

On March 21, a group of unarmed, peaceful demonstrators descended upon Sharpeville police station to protest “pass laws” that required Blacks to carry identification papers or risk being arrested. Any white person could ask any Black person to present their papers at any time, even white children.

 

Police opened fire on the crowd in Sharpeville, killing 69 and wounding hundreds. Following the attack, a state of emergency is declared and both the ANC and its counterpart, the Pan-Africanist Congress, are banned.

(Photo: OFF/AFP/Getty Images)

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