Situation Somalia

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War Fuels Famine

In 2011, Somalia faced one of the world’s worst famines in the last 20 years, which left millions on the verge of starvation.

However, the environmental causes of the famine were exacerbated by continued fighting between militia groups, such as al-Shabab, the transitional government forces and African Union troops. The famine crisis extended beyond the borders of Somalia and affected millions across the Horn of Africa. As of 2012, more than 2.3 million in Somalia continue to rely on emergency assistance for survival. 

(Photo: John Moore/Getty Images)

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