Militant Africa: How 2012 Proved to Be a Year of Rebellion

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  • Nigeria: Boko Haram
  • Sudan
  • Somalia
  • Kenya
  • Ethiopia Helps Out
  • Mali
  • Morocco
  • Libya
  • Rebellion in Africa
  • M23 Rebels in Congo


Although al-Shabab has spread its influence around east Africa, the Islamist group hails from Somalia and has established formal ties with al-Qaeda. Al-Shabab means "the youth" in Arabic, and the group sprung out of the radical youth wing of Somalia's former Union of Islamic Courts in 2006. 

(Photo: REUTERS/Stuart Price/AU-UN IST PHOTO/Handout)

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