53 Years Later: A Look at Congo Since Independence

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  • Congo’s National Motto: Unity, Work, Progress
  • The First President
  • Socialism Sets Sail
  • Three Congolese Heads of State
  • An Anti-Capitalist Congo
  • Democracy Prevails
  • Bloodshed in Brazzaville
  • Finding Peace
  • Sassou Nguesso Seizes Victory
  • Clashes With Rebels
  • Blood Diamonds
  • Burning Ammunition
  • Debt Canceled But Prospects Dim
  • A Long Road Ahead

Socialism Sets Sail

As Youlou’s successor, President Massamba-Debat appointed Pascal Lissouba as Prime Minister, established the National Revolutionary Movement and adopted a socialist route to economic development. He was ousted in 1968 in a coup headed by another socialist, Marien Ngouabi.

(Photos: Wikimedia Commons; ERIC FEFERBERG/AFP/Getty Images)

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