Black History Month: African-American Health Pioneers
Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983)
Mamie Phipps Clark was one of the first African-American women to earn a Ph.D. in psychology from Columbia University. Clark studied self-esteem, Blackness and mental health. She is best known for the “Clark Doll Test,” which played a major role in the Brown vs. Board of Education case.