Census Shows Black Population has Highest Concentration in the South

In the 2010 analysis, 55 percent of Blacks identified as living in Southern states, 18 percent in the Midwest, 17 percent in the Northeast and 10 percent in the West.

Posted: 09/29/2011 03:38 PM EDT
Map of 2010 census

Want to know where most of the Black people are in the U.S.? They’re in the South, according to a new Census report, The Black Population: 2010.


Released today, the U.S. Census Bureau reports that Blacks are the highest concentrated in the South.


Fourteen percent of the U.S. population of 308.7 million identified as Black on the 2010 U.S. Census. Of those thirteen percent, 55 percent identified as living in the South, 18 percent in the Midwest, 17 percent in the Northeast and 10 percent in the West.


The report also found that concentrations of Blacks who live outside of the South tended to be in counties with metropolitan areas. There were 317 counties where the Black or mixed-Black population was 25 to 49.9 percent, and of those counties 17 were not in the south and 15 of those 17 were in metropolitan areas.


Additionally, 60 percent of Blacks lived in ten states. The ten states with the largest Black populations in 2010 included New York (3.3 million), Florida (3.2 million), Texas (3.2 million), Georgia (3.1 million), California (2.7 million), North Carolina (2.2 million), Illinois (2.0 million), Maryland (1.8 million), Virginia (1.7 million) and Ohio (1.5 million).


Among cities considered “large” or with populations of 100,000 or more Blacks, Detroit had the highest percentage (84 percent) of Blacks, followed by Jackson, Mississippi (80 percent), Miami Gardens, Florida, (78 percent) and Birmingham, Alabama (74 percent).


These four cities also had the highest “Black-alone” percentage of all U.S. populations.



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(Photo: US Census Bureau)