The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in response to the brutal race riots in Springfield, Illinois, in 1908, where a white mob ransacked Black neighborhoods, burned business, and lynched two Black men and injured dozens of others. Comprising the 60 founding members of the NAACP were prominent white descendants of abolitionists and African-Americans, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells-Barnett and Mary Church Terrell. The organization’s principal objective is to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority group citizens of United States and eliminate racial prejudice.
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