This Day in Black History: Nov. 23, 1897

This Day in Black History: Nov. 23, 1897

Inventor Andrew Jackson Beard patents the design for the "Jenny" railroad car coupler on Nov. 23, 1897, helping to revolutionize the railroad industry.

Published November 23, 2012

On Nov. 23, 1897, inventor Andrew Jackson Beard helped revolutionize the rail industry by patenting the Automatic Railroad Car Coupler, commonly referred to as the "Jenny" coupler.

Before his invention, railroad operators had to brace themselves between rail cars and insert a metal pin where the two cars met. The practice was incredibly dangerous and resulted in many men being crushed to death or losing limbs in the process, including Beard, who lost his leg in a car coupling accident. Beard's idea secured the cars by allowing them to bump into each other.  

Born a slave in Jefferson County, Alabama, Beard was freed at age 15. Working as a farmer, he developed an interest in mechanics, which led him to build and later patent a design for a double plow. Among Beard's many other patents was one for a steam-powered rotary engine.

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(Photo: Public Domain)

Written by Britt Middleton


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