In 1805, a bill was introduced in the U.S. Senate to ban the trans-Atlantic slave trade, which President Thomas Jefferson supported in 1806 when he delivered his annual address to Congress. He signed a bill passed by both the House and the Senate in 1807, but it did not become law until Jan, 1, 1808, per the timeline set in the Constitution.
Unfortunately, the law did not stop the buying and selling of slaves, which was not resolved until the end of the Civil War.
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(Photo: Courtesy of the Robert W. Woodruff Library/Emory University)