U.S. Military Milestones

of 63Photo
  • Military
  • Women in Combat, Military
  • Military, Desegregation of the Military
  • Women in the Military
  • Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell
  • Sole Survivor Policy, Military

Desegregation of the Military

Under President Harry S. Truman’s 1948 executive order, the U.S. military formally lifted racial barriers that kept Black and white soldiers separated for years. Africans-Americans previously served in limited support roles in many of America’s major conflicts. The all-Black 332nd Fighter Group, best known as the Tuskegee Airmen, were the first African-American pilots during World War II. (Photo: Buyenlarge/Getty Images)