Black Movements: Where Are They Now

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  • SNCC
  • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
  • Marcus Garvey
  • Universal Negro Improvement Association
  • Civil Rights Movement
  • Civil Rights Movement
  • Black Power Movement
  • The Black Power Movement
  • The Black Arts Movement
  • The Black Arts Movement
  • Nation of Gods and Earths
  • 091012 video hha rakim timeline follow the leader album cover
  • March on Washington
  • Black Panther Party
  • The Black Panther Party
  • Malcolm X
  • Nation of Islam Farrakhan

Universal Negro Improvement Association: Then

Led by Marcus Garvey, the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) grew to become one of the largest mass movements of African-Americans in history. Its members or adherents were known as “Garveyites” and the core of the UNIA’s philosophy was the ambition to repatriate all Black people to Africa and to improve the condition of Black people worldwide. At its height in the 1920s, the UNIA boasted 700 branches in 38 states.

(Photo: Universal History Archive/Getty Images)

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