"Exercising power, and not just settling for symbols, is difficult. It requires that we sometimes be tough with our friends and punish our opponents," wrote George Mason University political scientist Michael Fauntroy in an essay on Black political power in a post-Obama era. "Ultimately, however, African-Americans will have to be comfortable with the use of political power for achieving policy ends. Politics without policy change is nothing. Failing that, we will continue to get what we've always received."
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