20 Iconic Milestones in the Fight for Civil Rights

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  • NAACP
  • Jackie Robinson Breaks Racial Barriers in Baseball
  • Integration of the U.S. Military
  • Brown v. Board of Education
  • Emmett Till
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • “Little Rock Nine”
  • Woolworth Lunch Counter
  • The March on Washington
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Selma-to-Montgomery March
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Million Man March
  • James Byrd Jr.
  • President Obama
  • Trayvon Martin
  • March on Washington
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Dred Scott Decision

Integration of the U.S. Military

While African-Americans served in battles ranging from the American Revolution to World War II, a longstanding policy of segregated regiments for Blacks and whites remained through the 1940s. In 1948, President Harry Truman signed executive Order No. 9981, providing for "equality of treatment and opportunity in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."

(Photo: Archive Photos/Getty Images)