20 Iconic Milestones in the Fight for Civil Rights
Integration of the U.S. Military
While African-Americans served in battles ranging from the American Revolution to World War II, a longstanding policy of segregated regiments for Blacks and whites remained through the 1940s. In 1948, President Harry Truman signed executive Order No. 9981, providing for "equality of treatment and opportunity in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."