How HBCU Students Impacted the Civil Rights Movement

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  • Thurgood Marshall
  • Ella Baker
  • Ruby Doris Smith Robinson
  • Patricia and Priscilla Stephens
  • The Greensboro Four
  • Norman Francis
  • Stokely Carmichael
  • Bernice Johnson Reagon
  • John Lewis
  • Julian Bond
  • A Fight for Equal Rights

Ruby Doris Smith Robinson

Ruby Doris Smith Robinson, an alumnae of Spelman College, was one of the founding members of SNCC. She became an SNCC field representative and helped found chapters in Charleston, South Carolina, Nashville, Tennessee, and Macomb, Mississippi. As a participant in the 1961 Freedom Rides, Robinson was arrested and sentenced to 45 days in jail in Mississippi, where she experienced police brutality. (Photo: REUTERS/Tami Chappell /Landov)

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