Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement

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  • Septima Poinsette Clark
  • Vivian Malone Jones
  • Mary Fair Burks
  • Diane Nash
  • Clara Luper
  • Daisy Bates
  • At the Frontlines
  • Jo Ann Gibson Robinson
  • Fannie Lou Hamer
  • Ella Baker

Mary Fair Burks

As co-founder of the Alabama-based Women's Political Council, Mary Fair Burks helped organize and lead the Montgomery bus boycott. As an adolescent, she launched her own "private guerilla warfare" by defying Jim Crow rules to use white-only restrooms and other facilities.

(Photo: Courtesy of Montgomery Advertiser)

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