Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement

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  • Vivian Malone Jones
  • Mary Fair Burks
  • Diane Nash
  • Clara Luper
  • Daisy Bates
  • At the Frontlines
  • Jo Ann Gibson Robinson
  • Fannie Lou Hamer
  • Ella Baker
  • Septima Poinsette Clark

Clara Luper

More than a year before students in Greensboro, North Carolina, began a protest at Woolworth's lunch counter, Clara Luper, the adviser to the local NAACP's Youth Council, organized sit-in at Katz Drug Store in Oklahoma City in 1958. As a result, the Katz chain integrated its lunch counters in Oklahoma, Missouri, Kansas and Iowa, which inspired NAACP branches across the nation to conduct sit-in protests. The group forced establishments around the state to end segregation in public accommodations. She also participated in many civil rights protests and was jailed more than 20 times for her activism.

(Photo: AP Photo/Ty Russell, File)

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