Previously referred to as ISIS, it is an al-Qaida splinter group. "In Arabic, the group is known as Al-Dawla Al-Islamiya fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham, or the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham. The term 'al-Sham' refers to a region stretching from southern Turkey through Syria to Egypt (also including Lebanon, Israel, the Palestinian territories and Jordan). The group’s stated goal is to restore an Islamic state, or caliphate, in this entire area," the Associated Press explains. "The standard English term for this broad territory is 'the Levant.' Therefore, AP’s translation of the group’s name is the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL." People should expect to hear ISIS and ISIL used interchangably, however.