Born in Albany, Georgia, in 1923, she dominated the Amateur Athletic Union outdoor high championship from 1939 through 1948. However, she was unable to compete in Olympic Games because they were canceled in 1940 and 1944 as a result of World War II.
In the high jump finals of the 1948 Summer Olympics, Coachman leaped 1.68 m (5 ft 6⅛ in) on her first try. Coachman also excelled in the indoor and outdoor 50m dash and the outdoor 100m dash. Representing Tuskegee Institute, Coachman also ran on the national champion 4 x 100-meter relay team in 1941 and 1942.
Coachman is an honorary member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority.
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(Photo: Jeff Zelevansky/Getty Images for USOC)