Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a former Catholic priest, became Haiti’s first democratically elected president in 1990. However, eight months later, Aristide was overthrown by a bloody coup and exiled. In 1994, with U.S. military backing, Aristide was restored as president to serve out his term. He served a second term from 2001 to 2004 when he was ousted and sent into exile once again. He returned to Haiti in March of 2011, during the controversial election that took place nearly a year after the country was struck by a deadly earthquake.