Malcolm X

Malcolm X was a transformative figure during the Black Power Movement of the 1960s. Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, Malcolm X converted to Islam while serving a prison term for robbery.  After being paroled in 1952, X went on to become the most recognizable advocate for the Nation of Islam, a racially divisive sect of Islam that promoted Black self-determination. He broke from the NOI in 1964 after a rift with leader Elijah Muhammad. He later founded the more inclusive Organization of African Unity. He was assassinated in 1965, shot at close range while he prepared to address the OAU at Harlem's Audubon Ballroom.

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Malcolm X’s Daughter Reintroduces Her Father With New Book X: A Novel

Her story details the social activist's life from ages 14 to 20.

This Day in Black History: Feb. 21, 1965

Human rights activist Malcolm X was assassinated on Feb. 21, 1965.

10 Powerful Quotes From Malcolm X

Check out these passionate, clear words said by the civil rights icon.

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For the first time, researchers and the public will now have full access to Parks' archive of letters, writings, personal notes and photographs.

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