Susan Elizabeth Rice is the United States National Security Advisor. Prior to holding this position, Rice was a U.S. diplomat, a Brooking’s Institution fellow and a former United States Ambassador to the United Nations. She also served on the staff of the National Security Council and as Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs during President Bill Clinton’s second term. In 2009, she was confirmed as a UN ambassador by the U.S. Senate. (Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)