Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects approximately 246 million people worldwide, and the disease is on the march, particularly among young people.
The International Diabetes Federation predicts that by 2025, the number of people with diabetes will grow to 380 million people. In the United States alone, more than 24 million Americans are living with diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association.
Since 1995, the diabetes rate has doubled, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Research also suggests that by 2050, diabetes will affect 48.3 million people in the United States, with the largest increase occurring in minority groups, particularly African Americans who are disproportionately affected by diabetes.
Here are more numbers you should know:
Types of Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes. Here's the difference.
As with Type 2 diabetes in general, many factors contribute to the development and management of the condition in the African American community, including lack of awareness or understanding of the condition, being overweight, and lack of exercise, according to the American Diabetes Association.
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to a number of serious and sometimes life-threatening complications, including blindness, kidney disease, loss of limbs, heart disease, stroke, and nerve damage. In fact, heart disease and stroke account for approximately 65 percent of deaths in people with diabetes.
Additionally, 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage, including impaired sensation and pain in the feet or hands.
As compared to non-Hispanic Whites, African American with diabetes suffer more complications such as blindness, kidney disease, and amputations.
For help, see the CDC''s National diabetes Fact Sheet: General Information and National Estimates on Diabetes or go to the American Diabetes Association's Diabetes Fact Sheet.