Blacks with liver cancer are least likely to survive than any other ethnic or racial group even when they receive appropriate and equivalent treatment, according to a new study published in the journal Cancer.
ModernMedicine.com reports that Dr. Avo Artinyan and his colleagues studied the link between race and survival in 20,920 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and 4,735 patients who underwent liver transplantation.
The researchers found that survival improved over time regardless of race, ethnicity or income. After adjusting for various factors, survival in patients with HCC was worst for African Americans (hazard ratio, 1.15) and best for Asians (hazard ratio, 0.87). After liver transplantation, African-Americans had the worst median graft survival and overall survival (30.5 and 39.7 months, respectively), while Hispanics had the best graft survival and overall survival (83.4 and 86.6 months, respectively).
"Significant racial and ethnic disparities in the outcome of patients with HCC persist despite the receipt of comparable treatment," the authors conclude.