South Africa ranks No. 1 in the world in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS, making the illness one of the top issues facing the nation. During First Lady Michelle Obama’s first official visit to the country this week, she challenged young people to fight to end the disease’s prevalence. “You can be the generation that ends HIV/AIDS in our time, the generation that fights not just the disease, but the stigma of the disease, the generation that teaches the world that HIV is fully preventable, and treatable, and should never be a source of shame," Obama told the audience at a young African women leaders’ forum in Johannesburg.
Learn more about the facts, history and controversies about the epidemic in South Africa in the following pages.