Lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women, kills more people than colon, breast and prostate cancers combined. African Americans are more likely to develop lung cancer than any other group in this country.
An American Lung Association report found a complex mix of biological, environmental, political and cultural factors that make us more likely to get lung cancer and more likely to die from it. The report says:
—Despite lower smoking rates, African Americans are more likely to develop and die of lung cancer than whites.
—African-American men are 37 percent more likely to develop lung cancer than white men, even though their overall exposure to cigarette smoke—the primary risk factor for lung cancer—is lower.
—African Americans are more likely to be diagnosed later, when cancer is more advanced.
—African Americans are more likely to wait longer after diagnosis to receive treatment, to refuse treatment and to die in the hospital after surgery.
—African Americans have a lower five-year relative survival rate than whites.
The news isn't all bad. According to the National Cancer Institute, smoking rates have dropped, which has led the rate of lung cancer to decline among African-American men since the mid-1980s; it has been stable among African-American women since 1990. Despite our higher numbers, the differences in lung cancer death rates between African Americans and whites are narrowing. We've also made progress in reducing exposure to secondhand smoke.
And, perhaps most importantly, the majority of lung cancer cases can be prevented. Experts say this is because about 90 percent of lung cancer cases in men and about 80 percent of those in women are caused by smoking. (Smoking also causes other cancers, including esophagus, throat, pancreatic, kidney and bladder cancer, as well as heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm, COPD and other health problems.)
Read more about lung cancer and African-Americans at BlackHealthMatters.Com.
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