13 Education Laws You Didn't Know Affected Blacks

13 Education Laws You Didn't Know Affected Blacks

13 Education Laws You Didn't Know Affected Blacks

We must know our history, especially as it pertains to education in this country.

Published February 8, 2017

  1. Roberts v. City of Boston

    The Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that segregated schools are permissible under the state's constitution. (1849)

  2. Cumming v. Richmond (Ga.) County Board of Education

    The Supreme Court allowed a state to levy taxes on Black and white citizens alike while providing a public school for white children only. (1899)

    UNITED STATES - CIRCA 1899:  Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va. - nine students and teacher in drawing class  (Photo by Buyenlarge/Getty Images)
    (Photo: Buyenlarge/Getty Images)
  3. Alston v. School Board of City of Norfolk

    A federal court required equal salaries for African-American and white teachers. (1940)

  4. Sipuel v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma

    The Supreme Court ordered the admission of a Black student to the University of Oklahoma School of Law, a white school, because there was no law school for Blacks. (1948)

    020817-Shows-The-Quad-13-Education-Laws-You-Didnt-Know-Affected-Black-Students-University-Of-Oklahoma-Law-School (Photo: University of Oklahoma via Instagram)
    (Photo: University of Oklahoma via Instagram)
  5. Wright v. Council of the City of Emporia; United States v. Scotland Neck City Board of Education

    The Supreme Court refused to allow public school systems to avoid desegregation by creating new, mostly or all-white "splinter districts." (1972)

  6. San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez

    The Supreme Court ruled that education is not a "fundamental right" and that the Constitution does not require equal education expenditures within a state. The ruling had the effect of locking minority and poor children who live in low-income areas into inferior schools. (1973)

    Solitary boy in secondary school classroom. (Photo by: Photofusion/UIG via Getty Images)
    (Photo: Photofusion/UIG via Getty Images)
  7. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

    A fractured Supreme Court declared the affirmative action admissions program for the University of California Davis Medical School unconstitutional because it set aside a specific number of seats for Black and Latino students. The Court ruled that race can be a factor in university admissions, but it cannot be the deciding factor. (1978)

  8. United States v. Fordice

    The Supreme Court ruled that the adoption of race-neutral measures does not, by itself, fulfill the Constitutional obligation to desegregate colleges and universities that were segregated by law. (1992)

    1957:  The 'Little Rock Nine'. Reading from top left, Gloria Ray, Terrance Roberts, Melba Patillo, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Minnijean Brown, Jefferson Thomas, Carlotta Walls and Thelma Mothershed, students who were barred from entering high school by the Arkansas National Guard and a white mob. For their bravery they were awarded the 1958 Springarn medal.  (Photo by MPI/Getty Images)
    (Photo: MPI/Getty Images)
  9. Missouri v. Jenkins

    The Supreme Court set a new goal for desegregation plans: the return of schools to local control. It emphasized again that judicial remedies were intended to be "limited in time and extent." (1995)

    KANSAS CITY, MO - MARCH 11:  Students walk in line and prepare to leave on school buses from Westport High School on March 11, 2010 in Kansas City, Missouri. The High School is among 29 in a district of 61 schools that will close due to the new budget plan that is making the cuts to ward off bankruptcy.  (Photo by G. Newman Lowrance/Getty Images)
    (Photo: G. Newman Lowrance/Getty Images)
  10. Hopwood v. Texas

    A federal appeals court prohibited the use of race in college and university admissions, ending affirmative action in Louisiana, Texas and Mississippi. (1996)

    396301 07: University of Cincinnati Student Survi Parvatiyar gathers with several hundred other protesters, from a group calling themselves 'By Any Means Necessary,' to rally in favor of Affirmative Action October 23, 2001 in downtown Cincinnati, OH. The rally was held to protest cases presented before the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals that could end Affirmative Action in Tennessee, Ohio, Kentucky and Michigan. (Photo: Mike Simons/Getty Images)
    (Photo: Mike Simons/Getty Images)
  11. Harvard's Civil Rights Project

    A study by Harvard's Civil Rights Project found that schools were more segregated in 2000 than in 1970, when busing for desegregation began. A report from the Civil Rights Project also concluded that America's schools are re-segregating. (2002)

  12. Grutter v. Bollinger; Gratz v. Bollinger; Lynn v. Comfort

    The Supreme Court upheld diversity as a rationale for affirmative action programs in higher education admissions, but concluded that point systems are not appropriate. A federal district court case affirmed the value of racial diversity and race-conscious student assignment plans in K-12 education. (2003)

  13. Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

    In "Parents Involved," the Supreme Court found voluntary school integration plans unconstitutional, paving the way for contemporary school segregation to escalate. (2007)

    BURIEN, WA - MARCH 31: Big Picture School students pose with Lori Harnick, general manager of Microsoft Citizenship and Public Affairs, and educator Phil McGilton on March 31, 2015 in Burien, Washington.  (Photo: Suzi Pratt/Getty Images)
    (Photo: Suzi Pratt/Getty Images)

Written by Naiquan Greene

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